This application can be used to design Water Supply Systems.
How to Use
- Make a sketch of your system - something similar to the default sketch below. Custom drawings can be linked to the application - any global (http://..) or local (file://..) url should work
- Tag the sections and add them to the hierarchical application structure below (modify or reset the default system)
- Add input data - flow, preliminary dimensions, lengths, elevations, minor coefficients and so on for each section
- Modify the dimensions to achieve reasonable values for velocities and pressure losses
- Save the data file to your computer/network
- dimensions, copper, pvc, pe
- minor loss coefficients, viscosity, density, roughness
Hot and cold water service systems - design properties, capacities, sizing and more.
Water and gas copper tubes according ASTM B88 - type K, L and M - imperial units.
Standard dimensions and weight of PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride - and CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride.
Dimensions of CTS - Copper Tube Sized CPVC (Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride) tubes.
Dimensions of PE pipes based on controlled outside diameter.
Dimensions of PEX tubes.
Working pressures of metric sized copper tubes according the BS (British Standard) 2871.
Dimensions of thermoplastic pipes - PEX and PB according BS 7291.
Required cold water dwelling storage capacity - commonly used fixtures and types of buildings.
Cold water storage for occupants in common types of buildings as factories, hospitals, houses and more
Copper tube fittings and equivalent lengths - in feets of straight tube.
Water velocity in a copper tube should not exceed certain limits to avoid erosion.
Water flow and pressure loss (psi/ft) due to friction in copper tubes ASTM B88 Types K, L and M.
Physical characteristics of copper tubes ASTM B 88 type K.
Maximum distance between CPVC pipe supports.
Calculate gravity and forced circulating hot water heating systems.
Domestic Hot-Water sizing equations - heating capacity, recovery rate and power supply.
Design procedures for domestic hot water service systems.
Introduction to general design of domestic service water supply systems - with pressurized or gravity tanks.
Lime deposited vs. temperature and water consumption.
EN 12201 - Polyethylene (PE) Pipes for Water Supply, and for Drainage and Sewerage under Pressure - Dimensions
Dimensions of PE pipes according EN 12201.
Dimensions of PVC-U pipe according EN 1452.
Farming and animals required water supply.
Minor pressure loss with fittings in piping heating systems.
Friction head loss (ftH2O per 100 ft pipe) in water pipes can be estimated with the empirical Hazen-Williams equation.
Pressure loss in hoses due to water flow and friction.
Water discharge through hoses - pressure ranging 10 - 200 psi (0.75 - 14 bar).
Recommended dimensions hot and cold water pipes.
Consumption of hot water per person or occupant.
Dimensions and capacities of hot-water storage tanks.
Hot water consumption of some common equipment as basins, sinks, baths and showers.
Design hot water consumption of fixtures - basins, showers, sinks and baths.
Polyethylene pipe dimensions according European Standards.
The Legionella Pneumophila bacterium thrives in water supply systems and air conditioning systems - and may cause the Legionnairs disease.
Polyethylene - PE - pipes and pressure classes.
Water flow in SDR pressure rated PE-pipes - pressure loss and velocities - Imperial and SI units.
Water pressure ratings for schedule 40 and schedule 80 Polyethylene plastic pipes
Polyethylene pipe temperature and maximum operating pressure.
Nominal pipe size, outside diameter, wall thickness, weight and working pressure.
Pressure loss (bar/100 m) and velocy in PE, PEH or PVC pipes with water flow.
Tags and label colors used for mechanical, plumbing and piping systems.
Piping materials like ABS, PE, PVC, CPVC, PB, PP and SR and pressure and operating temperature limits.
Plumbing or sanitation codes are a set of rules and regulations imposed by cities, counties or states.
Maximum operating and required burst pressure of PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride - pipe fittings.
Friction loss (psi/100 ft) and velocity for water flow in plastic PVC pipe schedule 40.
Activity and average water consumption
Materials used in water distribution pipes.
Reynolds number for clean cold water flow.
Water service pipe lines extends from the potable water source to the interior of buildings.
Calculating expected demand for water supply service lines.
It is fundamental to keep the potable water in the water supply systems uncontaminated.
Supply requirements for common fixtures.
Converting WSFU - Water Supply Fixture Units - to GPM.
WSFU is used to calculate water supply service systems.
Sizing water supply service and distribution lines based on Water Supply Fixture Units (WSFU).
Sizing of water supply pipe lines.
Required water supply to public buildings.
Typiclal limits for impurities in drinking water.
Water velocities in pipes and tubes should not exceed certain limits.
Water consumption in garden fixtures.