Hydraulic and pneumatic systems - fluids, forces, pumps and pistons.
Comparing different types of hydraulic pumps and their maximum pressures and flow.
Compressed air quality according ISO 8573-1.
Typical hydraulic cylinders and acting area vs. cylinder diameter.
The volumetric displacement of hydraulic cylinders.
Calculate hydraulic cylinder force.
The power required for hydraulic pumping.
Motor size vs. flow rate, shaft torque, shaft power and hydraulic power.
Calculate hydraulic pump volume capacity.
An overview of ISO - International Organization for Standardization - valve standards.
Japanese industrial valve standards and specifications from JAS - the Japanese Standards Association.
Calculate pneumatic cylinder acting velocity.
Force excerted by pneumatic air cylinders vs. air pressure cylinder size - online calculator.
Pneumatic transport systems used to move powder and other solid products.
Recommended air velocity for pneumatic transport of products like cement, coal, flour and more.
An introduction to pneumatic transport of powders.
Calculate air volume used by a single-acting piston.
Some commonly used technical terms in fluid mechanics.