Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

This is an AMP page - Open full page! for all features.

Pneumatic Cylinder - Excerted Force vs. Pressure

Sponsored Links

Single Acting Cylinder

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder can be expressed as

F = p A

= p π d2/ 4                                           (1)

where

F = force exerted (N)

p = gauge pressure (N/m2, Pa)

A = full bore area (m2)

d = full bore piston diameter (m)

Single Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Output Stroke

Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter


Calculate required Diameter with known Force and Pressure


Calculate required Pressure with known Force and Diameter


Example - Single Acting Piston

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2) and full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) can be calculated as

F = p π d2/ 4

    = (105 N/m2) π (0.1 m)2 / 4

    = 785 N

    = 0.785 kN

Air Cylinder - Pressure/Force Diagram

SI-units

Imperial Units

Double Acting Cylinder

The force exerted by double acting pneumatic cylinder on outstroke can be expressed as (1). The force exerted on instroke can be expressed as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4                                     (2)

where

d1 = full bore piston diameter (m)

d2 = piston rod diameter (m)

Double Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Input Stroke

Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter


Calculate required Diameter with known Force and Pressure


Calculate required Pressure with known Force and Diameter


Example - Double Acting Piston

The force exerted from a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2), full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) and rod diameter 10 mm (0.01 m) can be calculated as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4

    = (105 N/m2) π [(0.1 m)2 - (0.01 m)2] / 4

    = 778 N

    = 0.78 kN

  • instroke capacity is reduced compared to outstroke capacity - due to the rod and reduced active pressurized areal
Sponsored Links

Related Topics

Gases and Compressed Air

Air, LNG, LPG and other common gas properties, pipeline capacities, sizing of relief valves.

Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Hydraulic and pneumatic systems - fluids, forces, pumps and pistons.

Related Documents

Force Ratio

The force ratio is the load force versus the effort force.

Pneumatic Cylinder - Acting Velocity

Calculate pneumatic cylinder acting velocity.

Pneumatic Piping - Pressure Loss vs. Air Flow

Pressure loss in pneumatic tubes - sizes ranging 5 - 36 mm.

Single Acting Pneumatic Piston - Air Consumption

Calculate air volume used by a single-acting piston.

Sponsored Links

Search Engineering ToolBox

  • the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Privacy

We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience.

Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.

Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected.

AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. Please read AddThis Privacy for more information.