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# Piping Materials - Temperature Expansion Coefficients

Expansion coefficients that can be used to calculate temperature expansion of pipes and tubes - are indicated in the table below:

Piping Materials - Temperature Expansion Coefficients
MaterialExpansion Coefficients
10-6 in/in oF

10-6 m/m oC
Aluminum 12.8 23.1
Carbon Steel 6.5 11.7
Cast Iron 5.9 10.6
Copper 9.3 16.8
Stainless Steel 9.9 17.8
ABS Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene 35.0 63.0
HDPE High density polyethylene 67.0 120.0
PE Polyethylene 83.0 150.0
CPVC Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride 44.0 79.0
PVC Polyvinyl chloride 28.0 50.4
• in/in oF = 1200 in/100ft oF = 1.8 m/m oC

Note! The higher expansion coefficients for plastic materials makes plastic pipes and tubes extremely sensitive to temperature changes. Always pay attention to plastic pipes and tubes when temperature varies.

### Example - Thermal Expansion of a PVC Pipe

A PVC pipe with length 6 m is heated from 0oC to 60oC.

Expansion of the pipe can be calculated as

dl = (50.4 10-6 m/m oC) (6 m) ((60oC) - (0oC))

= 0.018 m

= 1.8 cm

## Related Topics

### • Piping Systems

Dimensions of pipes and tubes, materials and capacities, pressure drop calculations and charts, insulation and heat loss diagrams.

### • Temperature Expansion

Thermal expansion of pipes and tubes - stainless steel, carbon steel, copper, plastics and more.

### • Thermodynamics

Work, heat and energy systems.

## Related Documents

### ASTM B43 - Seamless Red Brass Pipes - Dimensions

Standard sizes specification for seamless red brass pipes.

### ASTM D2241 - Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series) - Dimensions

Dimensions of PVC pipe SDR series.

### ASTM D2513 - Thermoplastic Gas Pipes - Dimensions

Dimensions of thermoplastic pressure pipes.

### ASTM D2665 - Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Fittings - Dimensions

PVC drain, waste, and vent pipe dimensions.

### ASTM D2729 - Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipe - Dimensions

Dimensions of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipes with belled end.

### ASTM D3034 PSM PVC Sewer PIpe - Dimensions

Dimensions of PSM PVC sewer pipe.

### ASTM D3035 - Polyethylene PE pipes - dimensions

Dimensions of PE pipes based on controlled outside diameter.

### ASTM F876 - PEX Tube - Dimensions

Dimensions of PEX tubes.

### Circular Ring - Temperature Expansion

Calculate ring (or pipe) diameter expansion or contraction when temperature changes.

### Copper, Ductile Iron, Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Aluminum Piping Materials - Temperature Expansion

Thermal expansion of typical piping materials.

### EN 12201 - Polyethylene (PE) Pipes for Water Supply, and for Drainage and Sewerage under Pressure - Dimensions

Dimensions of PE pipes according EN 12201.

### EN 1329 - PVC Piping for Soil and Waste Discharge - Dimensions

Dimensions of PVC pipes according EN 1329.

### EN 1401 - PVC Piping Systems for Non-Pressure Underground Drainage and Sewerage

Dimensions of PVC pipes according EN 1401.

### EN 1452 - Unplasticized Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC-U) - Dimensions

Dimensions of PVC-U pipe according EN 1452.

### EN 1453 - PVC Piping with Structured Walls - Dimensions

Dimensions of PVC pipes with structured walls according EN 1453.

### Fixed Pipes - Stress vs. Change in Temperature

Temperature changes introduces stress fixed pipes.

### Hot Water Heating Systems - Online Design Application

Free online design tool for designing hot water heating systems - metric units.

### Hot Water Heating Systems - Online Design Application, Imperial Units

Online design tool for hot water heating systems.

### ISO 11922 - Thermoplastics Pipes for the Conveyance of Fluids - Dimensions

Dimensions of plastic pipes according ISO 11922 - metric and imperial units.

### ISO 161 - Thermoplastics Pipes - Dimensions

Dimensions of thermoplastic pipes according ISO 161.

### ISO 4437 - PE Pipes for Gaseous Fuels Supply - Dimensions

Dimmensions of PE pipes for gaseous supply according ISO 4437.

### Linear Thermal Expansion

Online linear temperature expansion calculator.

### PE (PolyEthylene) Pipes - Pressure Ratings vs. Size

Water pressure ratings for schedule 40 and schedule 80 Polyethylene plastic pipes

### PE (PolyEthylene) Pipes - Pressure vs. Temperature Ratings

Polyethylene pipe temperature and maximum operating pressure.

### Pipes and Tubes - Temperature Expansion

Pipes expands when heated and contracts when cooled and the expansion can be expressed with the expansion equation.

### Piping Materials - Temperature Heat Expansion and Cooling Contraction

Expansion and contraction when cast iron, carbon and carbon molybdenum steel, wrought iron, copper, brass and aluminum pipes are heated or cooled.

### Pressfit Pipes - Expansion Loops

Temperature expansion loops with pressfit piping.

### PVC Pipes - Temperature Expansion Loops

Calculate temperature expansion and contraction in PVC piping systems.

### Restricted Thermal Expansion - Force and Stress

Stress and force when thermal expansion a pipe, beam or similar is restricted.

### Shrink-Fits Assembly

Assembly temperatures for shrink-fits.

### Solids - Volume Temperature Expansion Coefficients

Cubical expansion coefficients for solids.

### Steam Pipes - Thermal Expansion

Thermal expansion of steam pipes heated from room temperature to operation temperature (mm pr. 100 m pipe).

### Steel Pipes - Temperature Expansion

Calculate temperature expansion with carbon steel pipes.

### Steel Pipes - Thermal Expansion Loops

Calculating and sizing steel pipe thermal expansion loops.

### Thermal Expansion - Linear Expansion Coefficients

Linear temperature expansion coefficients for common materials like aluminum, copper, glass, iron and many more.

### Thermal Expansion of Steam Pipes - (inches)

Expansion of steam pipes heated from room temperature to operation temperature.

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