An aluminum construction is designed for temperatures ranging -30 o C to 50 o C . If a beam's length is 6 m when assembled at 20 o C - the shortest final length of the beam at minimum temperature -30 o C can be calculated as
L 1 = (6 m) + (6 m) (0.000023 m/m o C) ((-30 o C) - (20 o C))
= 5.993 m
The longest final length of the beam at maximum temperature 50 o C can be calculated as
L 1 = (6 m) + (6 m) (0.000023 m/m o C) ((50 o C) - (20 o C))
= 6.004 m
The amount by which a unit area of a material increases when the temperature is raised by one degree is called the coefficient of superficial (area) expansion .
The amount by which a unit volume of a material increases when the temperature is raised by one degree is called the coefficient of cubic expansion .
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