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Hardwood and Softwood Species

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  • Softwood - woods that come from gymnosperms (mostly conifers plants)
  • Hardwood - woods that come from angiosperms (flowering plants)

Some typical hardwoods and softwoods:


  • Alder, red
  • Apple
  • Ash, black
  • Ash, green
  • Ash, white
  • Aspen
  • Basswood, American
  • Beech, American
  • Birch, paper
  • Birch, sweet
  • Birch, yellow
  • Cherry, black
  • Chestnut, American
  • Cottonwood
  • Elm, American
  • Elm, cedar
  • Elm, rock
  • Hackberry
  • Hickory, bitternut
  • Hickory, mockernut
  • Hickory, pignut
  • Hickory, red
  • Hickory, sand
  • Hickory, water
  • Magnolia
  • Maple, silver
  • Maple, sugar
  • Oak, California black
  • Oak, northern red
  • Oak, southern red
  • Oak, water
  • Oak, white
  • Oak, willow
  • Sweetgum
  • Sycamore, American
  • Tupelo, black
  • Tupelo, swamp
  • Tupelo, water
  • Walnut, black
  • Yellow-poplar


  • Baldcypress
  • Cedar, eastern red
  • Cedar, incense
  • Cedar, Port-Orford
  • Cedar, western red
  • Cedar, yellow
  • Douglas-fir, coast type
  • Fir, balsam
  • Fir, grand
  • Fir, noble
  • Fir, Pacific silver
  • Fir, white
  • Hemlock, eastern
  • Hemlock, western
  • Larch, western
  • Pine, loblolly
  • Pine, lodgepole
  • Pine, longleaf
  • Pine, ponderosa
  • Pine, red
  • Pine, shortleaf
  • Pine, sugar
  • Pine, western white
  • Redwood, old growth
  • Spruce, black
  • Spruce, Engelmann
  • Spruce, Sitka
  • Tamarack
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Related Topics

Material Properties

Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.

Related Documents

Board Feet Chart and Calculator

Board feet is used as a volume measurement of lumber.

Fire Wood - the Cord

The cord unit for purchasing fuel wood.

Hardwood and Softwoods - Recommended Drill Bit Speeds

Hardwood and softwood drill speed chart.

Lumber - Surface Finishing

Lumber and surface finishing abbreviations.

Metal Alloys - Specific Heats

Specific heat of metal alloys like brass, bronze and more.

Softwood and Hardwood - Structural Strength Classes

Strength classes, bending stress and mean density of hardwood and softwood

Softwood Lumber - Dimensions

Commercial softwood lumber dimension chart - nominal and actual sizes.

Softwood Lumber - Grading

Rough lumber, surfaced lumber (dressed), worked lumber, shop and factory lumber and yard lumber.

Softwood Lumber - Standard Sizes

Nominal and minimum-dressed lumber sizes.

Structural Lumber - Section Sizes

Basic size, area, moments of inertia and section modulus for timber - metric units.

Structural Lumber - Properties

Properties of structural lumber.

Wood - Combustion Heat Values

Combustion of wood and firewood heat values for species like Pine, Elm, Hickory and more.

Wood - Compressive Strength vs. Moisture Content

Red Spruce, Longleaf Pine and Douglas Fir - moisture content and their compressive strength.

Wood - Density vs. Moisture Content

The density of wood versus moisture content.

Wood Beams - Strength of Material

Bending and compression strength of wood species used in beams.

Wood Hardness

Soft and hardwood - the Janka Hardness scale.

Wood Screws - Withdrawal Force

Allowable withdrawal load force.

Wood Species - Densities

Densities of various wood species - apple, ash, cedar, elm and more.

Wood Species - Moisture Content and Weight

Weight of green and air-dried fire wood.

Wood, Panel and Structural Timber Products - Mechanical Properties

Density, fibre stress, compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of clear wood, panel and structural timber products.

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