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# Air - Moisture Holding Capacity vs. Temperature

## The moisture holding capacity of air increases with temperature.

The moisture holding capacity of air increases dramatically with increased temperature as indicated in the diagrams below.

### Air Moisture Holding Capacity - SI Units

Moisture holding capacity of air - kg water per kg dry air:

### Air Moisture Holding Capacity - Imperial Units

Moisture holding capacity of air - lb water per lb dry air:

Moisture holding capacity of air - lb water per 1000 cubic feet dry air:

Note - the moisture holding capacity of air at 100oF (38 oC) is 10 times the moisture holding capacity of air at 30oF (~ 0 oC). This is a very important observation - especially when working with drying processes where air is used to transport moisture away from process and products.

In general

• it is in general good energy economy to increase the air temperature in a dryer as much as possible! - the increased moisture transport capacity of air at higher temperature out-weights the increased energy-consumption for heating the dry air to higher temperature!

## Related Topics

• ### Air Psychrometrics

Moist and humid air calculations. Psychrometric charts and Mollier diagrams. Air-condition systems temperatures, absolute and relative humidities and moisture content in air.
• ### Steam and Condensate

Design of steam & condensate systems with properties, capacities, sizing of pipe lines, system configuration and more.
• ### Thermodynamics

Calculate heat, work, temperature and energy. The thermodynamics of steam and condensate systems. Water and Ice properties.

## Related Documents

• ### Air - Composition and Molecular Weight

Dry air is a mechanical mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, argon and several other gases in minor amounts.
• ### Air - Density vs. Pressure and Temperatures

Air density at pressure ranging 1 to 10 000 bara (14.5 - 145000 psi) and constant selected temperatures.
• ### Air - Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expansion Coefficient vs. Temperature and Pressure

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density, specific weight and thermal expansion coefficients of air at temperatures ranging -100 to 1600 °C (-140 to 2900 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
• ### Air - Diffusion Coefficients of Gases in Excess of Air

Diffusion coefficients (D12) for gases in large excess of air at temperatures ranging 0 - 400 °C.
• ### Air - Drying Force

The drying force of air depends on the air moisture holding capacity and the water surface to air evaporation capacity.
• ### Air - Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity

Online calculator, figures and tables with dynamic (absolute) and kinematic viscosity for air at temperatures ranging -100 to 1600°C (-150 to 2900°F) and at pressures ranging 1 to 10 000 bara (14.5 - 145000 psia) - SI and Imperial Units.
• ### Air - Humidifying by Adding Steam or Water

Air can be humidified by adding water or steam.
• ### Air - Humidifying with Steam - Imperial Units

Estimate the amount of steam required (lb/h in 100 cfm) in humid air.
• ### Air - Humidifying with Steam, SI units

Using steam to humidify air.
• ### Air - Humidity Ratio

The mass of water vapor present in moist air - to the mass of dry air.
• ### Air - Maximum Moisture Carrying Capacity

Maximum water content in humid air vs. temperature.
• ### Air - Prandtl Number

Prandtl number for air vs. temperature and pressure.
• ### Air - Properties at Gas-Liquid Equilibrium Conditions

Properties of air change along the boiling and condensation curves (temperature and pressure between triple point and critical point conditions). An air phase diagram included.
• ### Air - Thermal Conductivity vs. Temperature and Pressure

Online calculator with figures and tables showing air thermal conductivity vs. temperature and pressure. SI and imperial units.
• ### Air - Thermal Diffusivity vs. Temperature and Pressure

Figures and tables withdry air thermal diffusivity vs. temperarure and pressure. SI and Imperial units.
• ### Air and Steam Mixtures

Air in the steam will lower the surface temperatures in heat exchangers - and less heat will be transferred.
• ### Air Conditioning - Cooling of Air and Condensate Generated

Water may condensate when air is cooled in air conditioning systems.
• ### Cooling Tower Efficiency

Maximum cooling tower efficiency is limited by the cooling air wet-bulb temperature.
• ### Dehumidification - Removing Moisture from Air

Dehumidifying by cooling, adsorption or absorption.
• ### Dry Air - Thermodynamic and Physical Properties

Thermodynamic properties of dry air - specific heat, ratio of specific heats, dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity, Prandtl number, density and kinematic viscosity at temperatures ranging 175 - 1900 K.
• ### Dry Bulb, Wet Bulb and Dew Point Temperatures

Dry Bulb, Wet Bulb and Dew Point temperatures can be used to determine the state of humid air.
• ### Evaporation from a Water Surface

Evaporation of water from a water surface - like a swimming pool or an open tank - depends on water temperature, air temperature, air humidity and air velocity above the water surface - online calculator.
• ### Humid Air vs. the Ideal Gas Law

Pressure, temperature and volume in a perfect ideal gas like moist air (air with water vapor).
• ### HVAC Diagram - Online Drawing Tool

Draw HVAC diagrams online with this Google Drive drawing tool.
• ### Mixing of Humid Air

The change in state wwhen mixing moist air - enthalpy, heat, temperature and specific humidity.
• ### Moist Air - Cooling and Dehumidifying

Cooling and dehumidifying processes of moist and humid air - sensible and latent cooling.
• ### Moist Air - Daltons Law of Partial Pressure

The pressure in a mixture of dry air and water vapor - humid or moist air - can be estimated by using Daltons Law of partial pressures.
• ### Moist Air - Degree of Saturation

Humidity ratio of moist air to humidity ratio of saturated moist air.
• ### Moist Air - Density vs. Water Content and Temperature

Density of the mix of dry air and water vapor - moist humid air.
• ### Moist Air - Properties

Psychrometric table with humid air properties like saturation pressure, specific volume, enthalpy and entropy.
• ### Moist Air - Psychrometric Table for Pressure 29.92 inHg

Dry and wet bulb temperatures, saturation pressure, water vapor weight, specific volume, heat and more.
• ### Moist Air - Relative Humidity

Relative humidity in moist air is the ratio of partial vapor pressure to air pressure.
• ### Moist Air - Specific Volume

Specific volume of moist air is defined as the total volume of humid air per mass unit of dry air
• ### Moist Air - Water Vapor and Saturation Pressure

Saturation pressure of water vapor in moist air vs. temperature.
• ### Moist Air - Weight of Water Vapor

Weight of water vapor in air
• ### Moisture Content Calculation

Calculate the moisture content in products like wood on wet and dry basis.
• ### Removing Heat with Air

Calculating heat removed with air by measuring the wet bulb temperature.

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## Citation

• The Engineering ToolBox (2003). Air - Moisture Holding Capacity vs. Temperature. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/moisture-holding-capacity-air-d_281.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

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4.19.9

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