Weight load on ice coated horizontal pipe lines:
- 1 lb/ft = 1.49 kg/m
Dimensions of pipes and tubes, materials and capacities, pressure drop calculations and charts, insulation and heat loss diagrams.
Internal and external diameters, areas, weights, volumes and number of threads for ANSI schedule 40 steel pipes.
Pipe sizes, inside and outside diameters, wall thickness, schedules, weight and weight of pipe filled with water - Metric Units.
Standard dimensions and weight of PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride - and CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride.
Properties like Youngs modulus, tensile strength, compressive strength and fracture of toughness for ice.
Safe loads vs. thickness for clear and solid ice.
Thermal and thermodynamic properties of ice like density, thermal conductivity and specific heat at temperatures from 0 to -100 oC.
Weight of polyethylene pipes - metric units.
Calculate cross-sectional areas, weight of empty pipes, weight of pipes filled with water, inside and outside surface areas.
Weight calculating equation for steel pipes.
Estimate water content in pipes - weight and volume.
Weight of steel pipes and tubes vs. wall thickness.