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Heat Loss from Oil Filled Tanks and Pipe Lines

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Heat loss from the oil in a storage tank or pipe line can be roughly estimated from the values below.

Heat Loss from Oil Filled Tanks and Pipe Lines
ApplicationTemperature difference between Oil and ambient Air

Heat Transfer Rate - α - (Btu/(hr ft2 oF))
Without InsulationInsulated
Sheltered tanks   - 50 1.2 0.3
50 - 80 1.3 0.33
80 - 100 1.4 0.35
Exposed tanks   - 50 1.4 0.35
50 - 80 1.5 0.38
80 - 100 1.6 0.4
Tank in Pit All Temperatures 1.2 -
Sheltered Pipe Line   - 80 1.5 0.4
80 - 260 2.3 0.58
Exposed Pipe Line   - 80 1.8 0.45
80 - 260 2.75 0.7
  • 1 Btu/(hr ft2 oF) = 5.678 W/(m2 oC) = 4.882 kcal/(h m2 oC)
  • T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]

The total heat loss from an application can be calculated as:

Q = α A dt                                             (1)


Q = heat loss (W, Btu/hr)

α = heat transfer rate (W/(m2 oC), Btu/hr ft2 oF)

A = area (m2, ft2)

dt = temperature difference (oC, oF)

Example - Heat loss from an insulated exposed tank

An insulated exposed tank with outside area of 1000 ft2 contains oil at temperature 90oF. The surrounding temperature is 32oF. With temperature difference 68oF (90oF - 32oF) - the Heat Transfer Rate (α) from the table above is aprox. 0.4 Btu/hr ft2 oF.

The heat loss from the oil tank can be estimated to:

Q = (0.4 Btu/hr ft2 oF) (1000 ft2) ((90 oF) - (32 oF))

    = 23200 Btu/hr

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