1) The table is designed for temperature drop 20 oF (11 oC) in radiators and heating elements. For other temperature drops the values must be changed accordingly. With temperature drop 10 oF (5.5 oC) - multiply the capacities with 0.5.
Pipe lines - fluid flow and pressure loss - water, sewer, steel pipes, pvc pipes, copper tubes and more.
Heating systems - capacity and design of boilers, pipelines, heat exchangers, expansion systems and more.
Dimensions of threadless copper pipes according ASTM B302.
Dimensions of seamless copper pipes according ASTM B42.
Dimensions of seamless copper tubes for natural gas and liquified petroleum.
Water and gas copper tubes according ASTM B88 - type K, L and M - imperial units.
Water and gas copper tubes according ASTM B88M - type K, L and M - metric units.
Working pressures of metric sized copper tubes according the BS (British Standard) 2871.
Heat loss from uninsulated copper tubes vs. temperature differences between tube and air.
Water flow and pressure loss (psi/ft) due to friction in copper tubes ASTM B88 Types K, L and M.
Physical characteristics of copper tubes ASTM B 88 type K.
ASTM B88 seamless copper water tubes - working pressures.
Dimensions of EN 1057 Copper and copper alloys - Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in sanitary and heating applications.
Dimensions of copper tubes according EN 12449.
Free online design tool for designing hot water heating systems - metric units.
Online design tool for hot water heating systems.
Heat loss to surrounding air from insulated copper tubes.
Solder joints and their pressure ratings according ASME B16.18.
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