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Trench Excavation

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Trench Excavated Volume - Imperial Units

Trench Excavated Volume - SI Units

Densities of Typical Pipe-Trench Fill

Densities of Typical Pipe-Trench Fill
(kg/m3 )
Clay, damp 1920
Clay, saturated 2080
Sand, damp 1840
Sand, dry 1600
Sand, wet 1920
Topsoil with sand, damp 1600
Topsoil, saturated 1840
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Calculating excavation slope.

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Convert between Cartesian and Polar coordinates.

Soil - Bearing Strength

Allowable loads on soil.

Soil - Electrical Resistivity

Types of soil and resistivity.

Soil - Water Content

Water or moisture content in soil.

Soil and Rock - Bulk Factors

Soil and rock expansion - or swell - after mining.

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