Steam lost (lb per month) trough orifice leaks - orifices ranging size 1/16" to 1/2":
- 1 lb = 0.4536 kg
- 1 psi (lb/in2) = 6,894.8 Pa (N/m2) = 6.895x10-2 bar
Sizing and dimensions of control valves & equipment in steam and condensate systems.
Conservation of energy in a non-viscous, incompressible fluid at steady flow.
An introduction to the different types of fluid flowmeters - Orifices, Venturies, Nozzles, Rotameters, Pitot Tubes, Calorimetrics, Turbine, Vortex, Electromagnetic, Doppler, Ultrasonic, Thermal, Coriolis.
Nozzles discharging air volume.
The orifice, nozzle and venturi flow rate meters makes the use of the Bernoulli Equation to calculate fluid flow rate using pressure difference through obstructions in the flow.
Capacity of natural gas orifices.
Steam flow through orifices - for steam pressures ranging 2 - 300 psi
Steam pipes and pressure drop diagrams - imperial and metric units.