Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

Pumping Water - Required Horsepower

Horsepower required to pump water.

Sponsored Links

Energy imparted to water by the pump is called water horsepower - and can be calculated as

Pwhp = q h SG / (3960 μ)                            (1)

where

Pwhp = water horsepower (hp)

q = flow (gal/min)

h = head (ft)

SG = 1 for water Specific Gravity

μ = pump efficiency (decimal value)

Horsepower can also be calculated as:

Pwhp = q dp / (1715 μ)                   (2)

where

Pwhp = water horsepower (hp)

dp = delivered pressure (psi)

Example -  Horsepower Required to Pump Water

20 gallons of water per minute is elevated 20 ft. The horsepower required (ex. friction loss in piping and efficiency = 1.0) can be calculated as

Pwhp = (20 gpm) (20 ft) (1) / (3960 (1.0))  

        = 0.10 hp 

Power required to pump water at 60oF with ideal pump efficiency 1.0:

Pumping Water - Power vs. Head and Flow
Volume Flow
(gpm)
Power (hp)
Height (ft)
51015202530354050
5 0.00631 0.0126 0.0189 0.0253 0.0316 0.0379 0.0442 0.0505 0.0631
10 0.0126 0.0253 0.0379 0.0505 0.0631 0.0758 0.0884 0.101 0.126
15 0.0189 0.0379 0.0568 0.0758 0.0947 0.114 0.133 0.152 0.189
20 0.0253 0.0505 0.0758 0.101 0.126 0.152 0.177 0.202 0.253
25 0.0316 0.0631 0.0947 0.126 0.158 0.189 0.221 0.253 0.316
30 0.0379 0.0758 0.114 0.152 0.189 0.227 0.265 0.303 0.379
35 0.0442 0.0884 0.133 0.177 0.221 0.265 0.309 0.354 0.442
40 0.0505 0.101 0.152 0.202 0.253 0.303 0.354 0.404 0.505
45 0.0568 0.114 0.170 0.227 0.284 0.341 0.398 0.455 0.568
50 0.0631 0.126 0.189 0.253 0.316 0.379 0.442 0.505 0.631
60 0.0758 0.152 0.227 0.303 0.379 0.455 0.530 0.606 0.758
70 0.0884 0.177 0.265 0.354 0.442 0.530 0.619 0.707 0.884
80 0.101 0.202 0.303 0.404 0.505 0.606 0.707 0.808 1.01
90 0.114 0.227 0.341 0.455 0.568 0.682 0.795 0.909 1.14
100 0.126 0.253 0.379 0.505 0.631 0.758 0.884 1.01 1.26

Note! Individual pump curves should always be used for exact calculations.

horsepower required to pump water to various heights

Power Consumption in Metric Units

The power consumption for pumping water can be expressed in metric units as

P = q h ρ / (6116 103 μ)                            (3)

where

P = power (kW)

q = flow (liter/min)

h = head (m)

ρ = density (kg/m3) (water 1000 kg/m3)

μ = pump efficiency (decimal value)

Example - Power Required to Pump Water

The power required to pump 100 l/min water an elevation of 10 m (ex. friction loss in piping and efficiency = 1.0) can be calculated as

  P = (100 liter/min) (10 m) (1000 kg/m3) / (6116 103 (1.0))

     = 0.16 kW

power required to pump water to various heights - kW, liter per. min, meter

Sponsored Links

Related Topics

  • Pumps

    Piping systems and pumps - centrifugal pumps, displacement pumps - cavitation, viscosity, head and pressure, power consumption and more.

Related Documents

Sponsored Links

Search

Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox.

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with older versions of the amazing SketchUp Make and the newer "up to date" SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp Make/Pro from the Extension Warehouse !

Translate this Page

Translate this page to Your Own Language .

About the Engineering ToolBox!

Privacy Policy

We don't collect information from our users. More about

Citation

This page can be cited as

  • The Engineering ToolBox (2004). Pumping Water - Required Horsepower. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/pumping-water-horsepower-d_753.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

Modify the access date according your visit.

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications! 2D Engineering ToolBox - create and share online diagram drawing templates! Engineering ToolBox Apps - mobile online and offline engineering applications!

Unit Converter

















































2.19.10

Sponsored Links
.