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Wood Species - Densities

Densities of various wood species - apple, ash, cedar, elm and more.

Wood - lumber

Densities of seasoned & dry wood are indicated in the table below:

Wood Species - Densities
Wood SpecieDensity
(kg/m3)
Alder 420 - 680
Afrormosia 710
Agba 510
Apple 650 - 850
Ash, white 650 - 850
Ash, black 540
Ash, European 710
Aspen 420
Balsa 110 - 140
Bamboo 310 - 400
Basswood 320 - 590
Beech 700 - 900
Birch 510 - 770
Birch, British 670
Birch, European 670
Blue gum 1000
Box 950 - 1160
Butternut 380
Cedar 490 - 570
Cedar of Lebanon 580
Cedar, western red 380
Cherry 630 - 900
Cherry, European 630
Chestnut, sweet 560
Cottonwood 410
Cypress 510
Dogwood 760
Douglas Fir 530
Ebony 1110 - 1330
Elm 540 - 600
Elm, American 570
Elm, English 550 - 600
Elm, Dutch 560
Elm, Wych 690
Elm, Rock 820
Gaboon 430
Greenheart 1040
Gum, Black 590
Gum, Blue 820
Gum, Red 540
Hackberry 620
Hemlock, western 500
Hickory 600 - 930
Holly 760
Iroko 660
Juniper 560
Keruing 740
Larch 500 - 560
Lignum Vitae 1170 - 1330
Lime, European 560
Locust 670 - 710
Logwood 910
Madrone 740
Magnolia 570
Mahogany, African 500 - 850
Mahogany, Cuban 660
Mahogany, Honduras 650
Mahogany, Spanish 850
Maple 620 - 750
Meranti, dark red 710
Myrtle 660
Oak 600 - 900
Oak, American Red 740
Oak, American White 770
Oak, English Brown 740
Obeche 390
Oregon Pine 530
Parana Pine 560
Pear 610 - 730
Pecan 770
Persimmon 900
Philippine Red Luan 590
Pine, pitch 830  850
Pine, Corsican 510
Pine, radiata 480
Pine, Scots 510
Pine, white 350 - 500
Pine, yellow 420
Plane, European 640
Plum 660 - 780
Poplar 350 - 500
Ramin 670
Redwood, American 450
Redwood, European 510
Rosewood, Bolivian 820
Rosewood, East Indian 900
Sapele 640
Satinwood 950
Spruce 480 - 780
Spruce, Canadian 450
Spruce, Norway 430
Spruce, Sitka 450
Spruce, western white 450
Sycamore 400 - 600
Tanguile 640
Teak, Indian 660 - 980
Teak, African 980
Teak, Burma 740
Utile 660
Walnut 640 - 700
Walnut, Amer Black 630
Walnut, Claro 490
Walnut, European 570
Water gum 1000
Whitewood, European 470
Willow 400 - 600
Yew 670
Zebrawood 790
  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

After felling, timber will lose moisture to align itself with the atmospheric conditions. Moisture content should be lower than 20% to stop fungal attack. Seasoning is the name of the process where moisture content is reduced to the appropriate level for proposed use.

Shrinkage will occurs as a result of the moisture loss - typical 3-4% across the grain.

Related Topics

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