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Fusion and Evaporation Heat of common Materials

Melting points, heat of fusions, boiling points and heat to evaporate common substances - like hydrogen, water, gold and more ..

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Fusion and Evaporation Heat of common Materials
Substance
(at 1 atm)
Melting Point1)
- Tm -
(K)
Heat of Fusion2)
- Lf -
(kcal/kg)
Boiling Point3)
- Tb -
(K)
Heat of Evaporation4)
- Lv -
(kcal/kg)
Aluminum 933.47 94.5 2743 2500
Bismuth 544.7 12.5 1837 190
Bromine 266 16 332 43
Copper 1357.77 32.0 2835 1210
Ethyl Alcohol 159 24.9 351 205
Gold 1337.33 15.4 3243 377
Hydrogen (H2) 13.99 14.0 20.3 108
Iron 1811 69.1 3134 1520
Lead 601 5.9 2022 208
Lithium 453 160 1603 511
Mercury 234 2.7 630 70.0
Nitrogen 63.2 6.1 77.3 48.0
Oxygen 54.4 3.3 90.2 50.9
Sulfuric acid (98% concentration) 283.46 39 610 122
Water 273.15 79.7 373.15 539
Zinc 693 24 1080 475

1) The melting point of a solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to fluid.

2) Heat of fusion is the thermal energy which must be withdrawn to solidify a certain mass or quantity of fluid or added to melt a certain mass or quantity of solid. It is also called the latent heat of fusion or the enthalpy of fusion, and the temperature at which it occurs is called the melting point.

3) The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it can change state from a liquid to a gas throughout the bulk of the liquid.

4) Heat of evaporation describes the amount of energy in the form of heat that is required for a material to undergo a change of phase from fluid to gas.

  • 1 kcal/kg = 1 cal/g = 4.1868 kJ/kg = 1.8 Btu/lbm

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