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Food-borne Infections and Diseases

Common bacteria and viruses found in food.

Common microorganisms found in food

  • Corynebacterium, Leuconostoc - found in dairy products
  • Achromobacter - found in meat, poultry, seafoods
  • Bacteriodes, Proteus - found in eggs and meats
  • Pseudomonas - found in meats, poultry, eggs

Common pathogenic bacteria found in food

  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Salmonella spp.
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Botulinum spp.
  • Streptococci spp.
  • Lactobacillus spp.
  • Shigellas spp.
  • Salmonella spp.
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Staphlococcus aureus
  • Escherichia coli
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Bacillus cereus
  • Proteus 
  • Pseudomonas spp.
  • Vibrio spp.

Common pathogenic viruses found in food

  • Hepatitis A virus
  • Rotavirus
  • Echovirus
  • Calcivirus

Some Major Bacterial Diseases Transmitted to Humans by Food

  • Campylobacter - causes Campylobacteriosis
  • Listeria monocytogenes- causes Listeriosis
  • Salmonella spp. - Salmonellosis
  • Salmonella typhi - causes Typhoid fever
  • Shigella dysenteriae - causes Dysentery
  • Vibrio cholerae - causes Cholera
  • Yersinia enterocolitica - causes Diarrheal disease
  • Enterobacteriaceae - causes Enteric disease

Some Major Viral Diseases Transmitted to Humans by Food

  • ECHO virus- causes Gastroenteritis
  • HAV virus- caauses Hepatitis type A
  • Norwalk agent - causes Viral diarrhea
  • Rotavirus - causes Infant diarrhea

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