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Assembly temperatures for shrink-fits.
Shrink-fits are assembled by heating them to temperatures where the expansion exceeds the interference. Required heating temperature can be calculated as
dt = δ / α di (1)
dt = temperature heating (oC, oF)
δ = diametric interference (mm, in)
α = coefficient of linear expansion (m/moK, in/inoF)
di = initial diameter of hole before expansion (mm, in)
Diametric interference can be calculated as
δ = dt α di (2)
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Thermal expansion of typical piping materials.
Online linear temperature expansion calculator.
Volumetric - or cubical - expansion coefficients for common liquids.
Thermal expansion coefficients metals.
Temperature expansion coefficients for materials used in pipes and tubes like aluminum, carbon steel, cast iron, PVC, HDPE and more.
Thermal expansion of PVC, CPVC, Carbon and Stainless Steel and Fiberglass pipes.
Stress and force when thermal expansion a pipe, beam or similar is restricted.
Cubical expansion coefficients for solids.
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Linear temperature expansion coefficients for common materials like aluminum, copper, glass, iron and many more.
Volumetric temperature expansion calculator.
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