A manual providing guidance in selecting, managing, inspecting, and maintaining water measurement devices - describes standard methods and devices commonly used to measure irrigation water.
Flow metering principles - Orifice, Venturi, Flow Nozzles, Pitot Tubes, Target, Variable Area, Positive Displacement, Turbine, Vortex, Electromagnetic, Ultrasonic Doppler, Ultrasonic Time-of-travel, Mass Coriolis, Mass Thermal, Weir V-notch, Flume Parshall and Sluice Gate flow meters and more.
Calculate the discharge length from the open end of a partially filled horizontal pipe.
A limited comparison of flowmeter principles - regarding service, rangeability, pressure loss, typical accuracy, upstream pipe diameters, viscosity and relative costs.
Introduction to accuracy in flow measurement devices.
Flow rate or discharge in an open conduit, channel or river can be calculated with the velocity-area principle.