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Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties of aluminum alloys - tensile strength, yield strength and more.

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Aluminum alloys are divided into the wrought and cast categories according to how they are produced.

The wrought category includes rolling, extruding, drawing, forging, and a number of other more specialized processes. Cast alloys are poured molten into sand (sand casting) or high-strength steel (permanent mold or die casting) molds where they solidifies to produce the desired shape.

Mechanical properties for some aluminum alloys:

Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties
Aluminum AlloyTemperElastic Modulus
- E -
(106 psi)

Shear Modulus
- G -
(106 psi)
Yield Strength
- σy -
(103 psi)
Tensile Strength
- σu -
(103 psi)
1100   10.0 3.75 3.5 11
1100 H12 10.0 3.75 11 14
2014   10.8 4.00 8 22
2014 T6 10.6 4.00 58 66
2014 T62 10.8 4.00 59 67
2017 T4 10.5 3.95 32 55
2024 T3 10.6 4.00 42 64
2024 T4 10.6 4.00 40 62
2025 T6 10.4 3.90 33 52
2124 T851 10.4 4.00 57 66
2219 T62 10.5 4.00 36 54
2618 T61 10.7 4.10 42 55
3003   10.0 3.75 5 14
3003 H18 10.0 3.75 25 27
3003 H112 10.0 3.75 10 17
354 T61 10.6 4.00 36 47
355 T51 10.2 3.80 22 27
355 T6 10.3 3.80 23 37
356 T7 10.3 3.85 21 29
356 T6 10.3 3.85 20 30
5052   10.2 3.80 9.5 25
5052 H32 10.2 3.80 23 31
5056 H38 10.3 3.75 50 60
5056 ANL 10.3 4.00 22 42
6061 T4 10.0 3.80 16 30
6061 T6 10.0 3.80 35 42
6062   10.0 3.75 5 14
6062 T4 10.0 3.75 16 26
6062 T6 10.0 3.75 35 38
6063 T42 10.0 3.75 10 17
6063 T5 10.0 3.75 16 22
6063 T6 10.0 3.75 25 30
6151 T6 10.1 3.85 37 44
7050 T7452 10.1 - 11.6 58 68
7050 T74 60 70
7075 T6 10.4 3.90 70 78
7075 T6 63 73
A356 T61 10.4 3.90 28 38
D712 T5 10.3 3.80 20 32
  • 1 psi (lb/in2) = 6894.8 Pa (N/m2)
  • ANL - Annealing, done after cold working to soften work-hardening alloys
  • H - refers to non heat treatable alloys that are “cold worked” or “strain hardened”
  • T1 - Cooled from elevated temperature shaping - naturally aged
  • T2 - Cooled from elevated temperature shaping - cold worked and naturally aged
  • T3 - Solution heat-treated - cold worked and naturally aged to stable condition
  • T4 - Solution heat-treated - naturally aged to stable condition
  • T5 - Cooled from elevated temperature shaping - artificially aged
  • T6 - Solution heat-treated - artificially aged
  • T7 - Solution heat-treated - overaged / stabilized
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    Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.

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