Compressed Air  Pipe Line Pressure Loss  Online Calculator with Metric and Imperial Units
Calculate pressure drop in compressed air pipe lines  metric and imperial units.
The pressure drop in compressed air lines can be calculated with the empirical formula
dp = 7.57 q^{1.85} L 10^{4} / (d^{5} p) (1)
where
dp = pressure drop (kg/cm^{2})
q = air volume flow at atmospheric conditions (FAD) (m^{3}/min)
L = length of pipe (m)
d = inside diameter of pipe (mm)
p = initial pressure  gauge (kg/cm^{2})
 1 kg/cm^{2} = 98068 Pa = 0.98 bar = 0.97 atmosphere = 736 mm Hg = 10000 mm H_{2}O = 10 m H_{2}O = 2050 psf = 14.2 psi = 29 in Hg = 394 in H_{2}O = 32.8 ft H_{2}O
Note!  pressure is "force per unit area" and commonly used pressure units like kg/cm^{2} and similar are in principle not correct since kg is a mass unit. A mass must be multiplied with gravity g to be a force (weight).
Compressed Air  Pressure Drop Nomogram
The nomogram below can be used to estimate pressure drops in compressed air pipe lines with pressure 7 bar (100 psig).
 Download and print compressed air pressure drop nomogram!
Online Compressed Air Pipeline Pressure Drop Calculator  Metric Units
The calculator below can used to calculate the pressure drop in compressed air pipelines.
Online Compressed Air Pipeline Pressure Drop Calculator  Imperial Units
The calculator below can used to calculate the pressure drop in compressed air pipelines.
NOTE!  a pressure drop above 1 kg/cm^{2} (1415 psi) is in general not relevant and the formula and calculators above may not be valid.
For a more accurate calculation  or for a longer pipe lines with larger pressure drops  divide the line in parts and calculate the pressure drop and final pressure for each part. Use final pressures as initial pressures for the next parts. The final pressure after the last part is the final pressure at the end of the pipe line. The pressure drop for the whole pipe line can also be calculated by summarizing the pressure drops for each part.
Compressed Air Pipeline Pressure Drop Spreadsheet
Calculations can be done for other pressures and/or pipe lengths by using this excel spreadsheet (metric units).
The same spreadsheet including different types of pipes (imperial units).
Or, alternatively  Compressed air pipe lines  pressure drop calculations  in Google Docs. You can open, save and modify your own copy of the Google spreadsheet if you are signed into your Google Account.
Compressed Air Pipeline Pressure Drop Table  Initial gauge Pressure 7 kg/cm^{2} (100 psig)
Pressure drops in 100 m (330 ft) compressed air schedule 40 steel pipe lines are indicated in the tables below:
Related Topics

Gases and Compressed Air
Air, LNG, LPG and other common gas properties, pipeline capacities, sizing of relief valves.
Related Documents

Air Tools  Air Consumption
Air consumption of air tools. 
Compressed Air  Air Flow Discharge through Hoses
Discharged air flow volume through hoses with pressure ranging 30  90 psi. 
Compressed Air  Friction Loss in Hoses
Friction loss in air hoses vs. operating pressure. 
Compressed Air  Pipe Line Pressure Drop Diagram
Calculate pressure drop in compressed air pipe lines with a nomograph diagram. 
Compressed Air  Pressure Drop Diagrams, Metric Units
Pressure loss in compressed air pipe lines. 
Compressed Air  Size of Pipe vs. Capacity
Air pipe lines capacities at pressure 100 psi (6.9 bar). 
Compressed Air Pipe Line Capacity
Capacities of compressed air pipelines  pressure ranging 5  250 psi (0.5  17 bar). 
Compressed Air Pipe Lines  Pressure Loss vs. Capacity and Operating Pressure
Pressure drop in compressed air pipe lines. 
Compressed Air vs. Free Air  Compression Ratio
The ratio of compressed air pressure to free air pressure. 
Pneumatic Piping  Pressure Loss vs. Air Flow
Pressure loss in pneumatic tubes  sizes ranging 5  36 mm.