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# Current Divider - Online Calculator

## An electric current divider outputs a current that is a fraction of the input current.

A current divider is a linear circuit that produces an output current that is a fraction of the input current.

Current is split between the branches of the divider. The total resistance in the electrical circuit can calculated

RT = R1 R2 / (R1 + R2)      (1)

where

RT = total resistance (ohms, Ω)

Rn = resistance in branch n (ohms, Ω)

The voltage difference across the circuit

U = I RT

= I R1 R2 / (R1 + R2)   (2)

where

U = electrical potential (volts, V)

I = total current through the circuit (amps, A)

Split current I1 can be calculated

I1 = U / R1

= (I R1 R2 / (R1 + R2) ) / R1

=   I R2 / (R1 + R2)     (3)

Split current I2 can be calculated

I2 = U / R2

= (I R1 R2 / (R1 + R2) ) / R2

=   I R1 / (R1 + R2)     (4)

### Example - Current Divider

The total resistance in a current divider with supply voltage 3.3 V and resistor  R1 = 220 ohm and resistor R2 =  47 ohm can be calculated as

RT = (220 ohm) (47 ohm) / ((220 ohm) + (47 ohm))

= 38.7 ohm

The total current through the current divider can be calculated

I = (3.3 V) / (38.7 ohm)

= 0.085 amps

= 85 mA

The current through resistor R1 can be calculated

I1 = (3.3 V) / (220 ohm)

= 0.015 amps

= 15 mA

The current through resistor R2 can be calculated

I2 = (3.3 V) / (47 ohm)

= 0.070 amps

= 70 mA

### Current Divider - Online Calculator

R - total resistance (ohms)

I1 - split current (amps)

I2 - split current (amps)

I - total current (amps)

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## Citation

• The Engineering ToolBox (2012). Current Divider - Online Calculator. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/current-division-d_1837.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

Modify the access date according your visit.

9.29.12