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Gaseous Fuels - Chemical Composition

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Chemical composition of some common gaseous fuels:

For full table with Butane, Ethane, Propane, Hydrogen, Hydrogen Sulfide, Oxygen and Nitrogen - rotate the screen!

Gaseous Fuels - Chemical Composition (%)
FuelCarbon Dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Carbon Monoxide   100                
Coal Gas 3.8 28.4 0.2       17.0     50.6
Coke Oven Gas 2.0 5.5 32       51.9   0.3 4.8
Digester Gas 30   64       0.7 0.8   2.0
Hydrogen             100      
Landfill Gas 47 0.1 47       0.1 0.01 0.8 3.7
Natural Gas 0 - 0.8 0 - 0.45 82 - 93   0 - 15.8   0-1.8 0 - 0.18 0 - 0.35 0.5 - 8.4
Propane Gas       0.5 - 0.8 2.0 - 2.2 73 - 97        
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Related Topics


Combustion processes and their efficiency. Boiler house and chimney topics. Properties of fuels like oil, gas, coal and wood and more. Safety valves and tanks.

Related Documents

ASTM Standard - Volume 05.06 Gaseous Fuels, Coal and Coke

An overview of ASTM Section 5 - Petroleum Products, Lubricants, and Fossil Fuels - Volume 05.06 Gaseous Fuels, Coal and Coke.

Chemicals - Formulas and Trading Names

Formulas and trading names for some common chemicals.

Combustion of Fuels - Carbon Dioxide Emission

Environmental emission of carbon dioxide CO2 when combustion fuels like coal, oil, natural gas, LPG and bio energy.

Fuels - Combustion Air and Flue Gases

Combustion air and flue gas for common fuels - coke, oil, wood, natural gas and more.

Fuels - Higher and Lower Calorific Values

Higher and lower calorific values (heating values) for fuels like coke, oil, wood, hydrogen and others.

Fuels and Chemicals - Autoignition Temperatures

Autoignition points for fuels and chemicals like butane, coke, hydrogen, petroleum and more.

Optimal Combustion Processes - Fuel vs. Excess Air

Stable and efficient combustion requires correct mixture of fuels and oxygen.

Standard Grade Coal - Heat Values

Standard grades coal heat values.

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