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Interest Formulas

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Single Cash Accumulation - Future Value

The accumulated value of a present sum invested at a given interest rate after some time can be expressed as

F = P (1 + i)n         (1)


F = accumulated value in the future- Future Value

P = principal or present sum invested

i = interest rate per period

n = number of interest periods

The factor "(1 + i)n" is known as the "single payment compound amount factor".

Example - Accumulated amount

An amount of 1000 is invested at interest rate 10% (0.1) per year for 10 years. The accumulated amount can be calculated like

F = 1000 (1 + 0.1)10

    = 2594

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Discounting Process - Present Value

The Present Value - or Present Worth - of a future cash flow can be calculated with the discounting process and is expressed like

P = F / (1 + i)n         (2)


P = present value

F = future cash flow

i = discount rate or discounting factor

n = numbers of periods

The factor "1 / (1 + i)n" is known as the "single payment present worth factor".


Example - The present value of a future sum

A sum of 1000 is paid after 10 years. The discount rate is 10% (0.1) per year. The present value of the future payment can be calculated like

P = 1000 / (1 + 0.1)10

    = 386

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Present Value Calculator

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Related Topics


Engineering economics - cash flow diagrams, present value, discount rates, internal rates of return - IRR, income taxes, inflation.

Related Documents

Cash Flow Diagrams

The future value of money.

Discrete Compounding Cash Flow Formulas

Discrete payments compounding equations and online calculators .

Interest Rate

Interest rate is the cost of money.

Internal Rate of Return - IRR

Internal Rate of Return (IRR) - the break-even interest rate.

Net Present Worth (NPW) of a Cash Stream

The value of a stream of payments is called the Net Present Worth (NPW).

Present Value

The value of money in the future is the Present Value.

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