Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

Water Service Pipe Lines

Water service pipe lines extends from the potable water source to the interior of buildings.

A "water-service" pipe line extends from the potable water source to the interior of a building. Inside the building the "water-service" pipe becomes a "water-distribution" pipe.

A water service pipe must be rated for the pressure produced by the water source and in the service line by pumps or static differences.

  • it is common to rate water service lines for more than 160 psi (11 bar) and temperatures below aprox. 75oF (25oF)

Commonly used materials in water service pipe lines are

  • Cast iron pipe (ductile pipe) - used in large water mains
  • PE - Polyethylene
  • PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride
  • PB - Polybutylene
  • Asbestos cement pipe

Other commonly approved and rarely used materials are

  • ABS - Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene
  • Brass pipe
  • Copper tube - can be used as service lines without joints. Primarily used as water distribution pipes.
  • CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride
  • Galvanized Steel

Water Service Pipes

Materials used in water service pipes according US standards.

Piping Materials - US Standards
Piping MaterialUS Standards
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic pipe ASTM D1527; ASTM D2282
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe ASTM D2846; ASTM F441; ASTM F442; CSA B137.6
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride/aluminum/chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC/AL/CPVC) ASTM F2855Copper or copper-alloy pipe ASTM B42; ASTM B302
Copper or copper-alloy tubing (Type K, WK, L, WL, M or WM) ASTM B75; ASTM B88; ASTM B251; ASTM B447
Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plastic pipe and tubingASTM F876; AWWA C904; CSA B137.5
Cross-linked polyethylene/aluminum/cross-linked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) pipe ASTM F1281; ASTM F2262; CSA B137.10
Cross-linked polyethylene/aluminum/high-density polyethylene (PEX-AL-HDPE) ASTM F1986
Ductile iron water pipe AWWA C151/A21.51; AWWA C115/A21.15
Galvanized steel pipe ASTM A53
Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe ASTM D2239; ASTM D3035; AWWA C901; CSA B137.11
Polyethylene (PE) plastic tubing ASTM D2737; AWWA C901; CSA B137.1
Polyethylene/aluminum/polethylene (PE-AL-PE) pipe ASTM F1282; CSA B137.9
Polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) plastic tubing ASTM F2769; CSA B137.18
Polypropylene (PP) plastic pipe or tubing ASTM F2389; CSA B137.11
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe ASTM D1785; ASTM D2241; ASTM D2672; CSA B137.3
Stainless steel pipe (Type 304/304L) ASTM A312; ASTM A778
Stainless steel pipe (Type 316/316L) ASTM A312; ASTM A778

Related Topics

  • Water Systems

    Design of hot and cold water service and utility systems with properties, capacities, sizing of pipe lines and more.

Related Documents

Search

Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox.

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with older versions of the amazing SketchUp Make and the newer "up to date" SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp Make/Pro from the Extension Warehouse !

Translate this Page

Translate this page to Your Own Language .

About the Engineering ToolBox!

Privacy Policy

We don't collect information from our users. More about

We use a third-party to provide monetization technologies for our site. You can review their privacy and cookie policy here.

You can change your privacy settings by clicking the following button: .

Citation

This page can be cited as

  • The Engineering ToolBox (2008). Water Service Pipe Lines. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/water-service-pipes-d_1102.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

Modify the access date according your visit.

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications! 2D Engineering ToolBox - create and share online diagram drawing templates! Engineering ToolBox Apps - mobile online and offline engineering applications!

Unit Converter

















































7.8.15

.