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Typical Floor Loads

Uniformly and concentrated floor loads

Typical uniformly and concentrated floor loads are indicated below.

Typical Floor Loads
Type of ApplicationConcentrated Load
Uniformly Distributed Load
Bedroom, dwelling 1.8 1.5
Bedroom, hotel 1.8 2.0
Bathroom 1.8 2.0
Balcony, dwelling 1.4 1.5
Balcony, hotel or guest house 1.5 kN/m at outer edge 3.0
Communal area 1.4 1.5
Factory, general 4.5 5.0
Kitchen, communal 4.5 3.0
Laboratory 4.5 3.0
Laundry 4.5 3.0
Library 4.5 4.0
Office 2.7 2.5
WC 1.8 2.0
Warehouse, general storage 1.8 2.0
Work area, general 2.7 2.5
Workshop 4.5 5.0

How to Calculate Load in kN?

If you have the mass in kg - the load in kN can be calculated as

F = m g / 1000                 (1)


F = load (N)

m = mass (kg)

g = gravitational acceleration (9.81 m/s2)

Example - Calculate the Load from a 800 kg Pallet

The load from a pallet with mass 800 kg can be calculated as 

F = (800 kg) (9.81 m/s2) / 1000

  = 7.8 kN

Related Topics

  • Statics

    Forces acting on bodies at rest under equilibrium conditions - loads, forces and torque, beams and columns.

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