Energy
Energy is the capacity to do work.
Energy is the capacity (or capability) to do work.
Energy is used or consumed when work is done.
The SI unit for energy is joule  J, where
1 J = 1 Nm
which is the same unit as for work.
Imperial Units of Energy
 1 J = 0.738 ft lb
 1 ft lb = 1.356 Nm (J)
Energy forms
There can be several forms of energy, including
 mechanical energy
 heat or thermal energy
 electrical energy
 chemical energy
 nuclear energy
 light energy
Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency is the ratio between useful energy output and input energy, and can be expressed as
μ = E_{o }/ E_{i }(1)
where
μ = energy efficiency
E_{o }= useful energy output
E_{i }= energy input
It is common to state efficiency as a percentage by multiplying (1) with 100.
Example  Energy Efficiency
A lift moves a mass 10 m up by exerting a force of 100 N. The input energy to the lift is 1500 J. The energy efficiency of the lift can be calculated as
μ = 100 (N) 10 (m) / 1500 (J)
= 0.67 or
= 67 %
Related Topics

Mechanics
Forces, acceleration, displacement, vectors, motion, momentum, energy of objects and more. 
Thermodynamics
Work, heat and energy systems.
Related Documents

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