Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

Required Building Space per Person

Room area per person - may be used to calculate typical indoor climate loads.

The table below can be used as a guide to required area (square metre or square feet) per person inside some typical buildings and rooms. The values can be used to calculate human sensible and latent heat load.

Required Building Space per Person
Type of BuildingType of RoomArea per Person
(m2)(ft2)
Apartments 100 - 400
Assembly building Lecture room 0.6
Library 5
Cinema 0.6
Concert hall 0.6
Theater 0.6
Banks 50 - 150
Bars 15 - 50
Cafeterias 10 - 50
Churches 5 - 20
Clubhouses 15 - 50
Cocktail Lounges 15 - 50
Computer Rooms 80 - 150
Court Houses 50 - 150
Dental Centers Clinic and Offices 50 - 150
Department Stores 15 - 75
Dining Halls 10 - 50
Drug Store 15 - 50
Factories Assembly hall 2 - 5
Factories Light manufacturing 10 - 20
Factories Heavy manufacturing 20 - 30
Fire Stations 100 - 500
Hotels Rooms 5
Lobby 0.6
Assembly room 1.5
Hospitals General Areas 50 - 150
Patient Rooms 80 - 150
Kindergarten 2 - 3
Kitchens 50 - 150
Libraries 30 - 100
Luncheonettes 10 - 50
Lunch Rooms 10 - 50
Malls 50 - 100
Medical Centers Clinic and Offices 50 - 150
Motels, Dormitories Public Spaces 100 - 200
Guest Rooms, Dormitories 100 - 200
Municipal Buildings 50 - 150
Museums 30 - 100
Nightclubs 15 - 50
Nursing Home Patient Rooms 80 - 150
Offices Single office 10
Meeting room 1.5
Police Stations 100 - 500
Post Offices 100 - 500
Precision Manufacturing 100 - 300
Residential 200 - 600
Restaurant With service 1.5
Without service 1
Retail Stores 15 - 75
Schools Lecture rooms 0.6
Class rooms 2
Corridors 2
Laboratory 3
Shops Retail 2
Supermarkets 2
Sports Gymnasium 1.5
Swimming pools 4
Supermarkets 50 - 100
Taverns 15 - 50
Town Halls 50 - 150
  • 1 m2 = 10.764 ft2
  • 1 ft2 = 0.0929 m2

Note! - be aware of local restrictions, codes and their minimum values. They may diverge considerably from the numbers above.

Occupancy Rate

Occupancy Rate is maximum numbers of persons per area unit. 

If the minimum area per person is 100 sq ft - the occupation rate is 1/100 = 0.01 person per sq.ft - or 10 persons per 1000 sq.ft.

Related Topics

  • Physiology

    Human physiology vs. air quality, comfort temperatures, activity and metabolic rates. Health effects of gases adn polutions like carbon monoxide and more.
  • Ventilation Systems

    Design of systems for ventilation and air handling - air change rates, ducts and pressure drops, charts and diagrams and more.

Related Documents

Search

Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox.

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with older versions of the amazing SketchUp Make and the newer "up to date" SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp Make/Pro from the Extension Warehouse !

Translate this Page

Translate this page to Your Own Language .

About the Engineering ToolBox!

Privacy Policy

We don't collect information from our users. More about

We use a third-party to provide monetization technologies for our site. You can review their privacy and cookie policy here.

You can change your privacy settings by clicking the following button: .

Citation

This page can be cited as

  • The Engineering ToolBox (2003). Required Building Space per Person. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/number-persons-buildings-d_118.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

Modify the access date according your visit.

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications! 2D Engineering ToolBox - create and share online diagram drawing templates! Engineering ToolBox Apps - mobile online and offline engineering applications!

Unit Converter

















































6.3.17

.